Ukraine urges UN Security Council to look into human rights violations
For they are not just consequence of conflicts but very often generate them.
The violations of human rights are not only serious consequences of conflicts, but very often generate conflicts, so the UN Security Council should review the organization's work in this direction and regain this area of responsibility from the Human Rights Council in Geneva.
"It's time to reconsider the role and place of human rights in the work of the Security Council and take action," Kyslytsya told a Security Council meeting in New York on Wednesday, 19 April.
He recalled that in the 1970s human rights issues were taken off the agenda of the Security Council in New York and transferred to the Human Rights Council in Geneva. As a result, the Council's ability to take practical and action-oriented decisions on the matters related to peace and security is limited.
"It's time to restore the integrity of the entire UN system in accordance with the design of its founders."
The Ukrainian diplomat stressed that sustainable peace and security cannot be achieved outside human rights. On the contrary, human rights violations are not only a serious consequence of conflicts, but often generate conflicts.
He recalled that the Security Council on several occasions in the past was able to restore this connection. Kyslytsya stressed the danger of conflicts and violation of human rights and referred to the situation with Hungary on 4 November, 1956, when the Security Council issued a resolution pointing to the serious situation when the Soviet Union used army to crash the Hungarian uprising.
At the same time, the outbreak of genocide in Rwanda in 1994 came totally unexpected as the Security Council did not heed to the early signs of the impending tragedy.
Today, the whole world is witnessing the grave consequences of the crisis in Syria and the gross violations of human rights committed by various parties, in particular the Syrian regime and its allies. The signs of the inevitable conflict were evident as early as in 2011, but the actions of the Security Council have been repeatedly vetoed since.
"The disrespect for human rights, democracy and the rule of law by authoritarian regimes towards their own citizens is encouraging ensuring impunity for conducting internal civil wars - as is the case in Syria. Or to avoid responsibility for the attempts of illegal annexation of foreign territories - as is the case with Russia's actions in Crimea, and its military aggression in Donbas," the deputy foreign minister of Ukraine said.
Kyslytsya recalled that over the three years since Russia illegally occupied Crimea, the occupants have committed massive and systematic violations of human rights and seek to destroy the identity of Ukrainians, Crimean Tatars and other ethnic and religious groups.
"You can find numerous evidence of crimes committed during the Russian aggression against Ukraine in the reports of the UN Mission for Human Rights Monitoring in Ukraine, which has been working in my country for three years at the invitation of the Government of Ukraine," the diplomat said.
Human rights should be an integral part in the consideration of the issues of conflict settlement and management by the Security Council. "When the Security Council considers the occupation of Crimea and Russia's military aggression in Ukrainian Donbas, the approach should not be different," the diplomat stressed.
"This Security Council has no right to repeat its failures as in the case of Rwanda and continue to fail in the situation with Syria, and remain paralyzed by the Russian position in the case of Crimea and Donbas," Kyslytsya concluded.