The countries of the world have no alternative to Ukrainian agricultural products in the volumes that our country used to export.
This was stated by the First Deputy Minister of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine Taras Vysotskyi on the air of the national telethon #UArazom.
"We supplied 10% of the world's wheat exports, more than 15-20% of barley, and more than 50% of sunflower oil. On average, 50 million tons of agricultural products were exported from Ukraine. In record years, this figure even reached 65 million tons. Today, to find an alternative to such volumes and replace our products is impossible. It is not doable physically, even in the coming 3-5 years," Vysotsky said.
According to him, due to the blocking of the ports of Odesa and Mykolaiv, Ukraine can now export 15-20% of pre-war indicators. This has already led to a significant increase in agricultural prices and physical scarcity of products around the world, especially in the Middle East and North Africa.
If the situation with the war and the blocking of ports continues, then the countries of these regions will have no grain, in principle, which means famine.
Six Ukrainian ports cannot receive vessels due to the armed aggression of the russian federation. Only the Danube river ports operate in a usual way.
In peacetime, more than 75% of the state's external trade turnover occurred through sea routes. More than 90% of the total trade turnover passed through the ports, which are now either closed or blocked. The ports of the Danube river are able to provide 10% of the trade turnover, while the Ministry of Infrastructure is taking measures to increase their capacity.
By the way, the KSE Institute calculated that losses of Ukrainian business from the war amount to about 10 billion dollars.